arabic influence on french language

Following the adoption of Islam c. 950 by the Kara-Khanid Khanate and the Seljuq Turks, regarded as the cultural ancestors of the Ottomans, the administrative and literary languages of these states acquired a large collection of loanwords from Arabic (usually by way of Persian), as well as non-Arabic Persian words: a leading example of a Perso-Arabic influenced Turkic language was Chagatai, which remained the literary language of Central Asia until Soviet times. <> (Giarrizzo). In the case of Morocco, the colonial influence of the French was difficult to mediate; despite the adoption of the Arabisation project, few classroom teachers embraced Arabic as the language of instruction. 107 0 obj �X`���,��q@�j���P�����AE endobj Due to 781 years of Arabic dominion in the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus), hundreds of words from many fields (including Arabic inventions) have been adapted into Catalan; among many are séquia ("irrigation ditch"), nòria ("whaterwheel, noria"), algorfa ("loft"), magatzem ("warehouse"), alfàbia ("earthenware jar"), barnús ("bathrobe"), aladroc ("anchovy"), dacsa ("corn"), safanòria ("carrot"), carxofa ("artichoke"), albergínia ("aubergine"), xirivia ("parsnip"), alfals ("alfalfa"), albercoc ("apricot"), tramús ("lupin"), corfa ("bark, peel"), xara ("thicket"), matalaf/matalàs ("mattress"), alacrà ("scorpion"), fardatxo ("lizard") alfàb(r)ega ("basil"), etc. As Latin began to influence English, some of the Arabic words were passed on. And those influences are apparent in many of the words, along with older semitic languages, such as Aramaic and Syriac. The Mozarabs, that had lived under Muslim rulers and had spoken their own varieties of Arabic-influenced romance (known today by scholars as the Mozarabic languages), probably had a formative influence on the language and indirectly contributed Arabic vocabulary. All very good theories! [124 0 R] Modern day Spanish, also called Castilian, gradually evolved from Vulgar Latin centuries after the Muslim conquest and was thus influenced by Arabic from its inception. �n�F�wL�j���V�^?�z��Y���++����>����C�s*��d/���S��aG�F�F��U� H��=���듊]�A�vЀ&�P�QuY B. For instance, Spanish had strong influence from Arabic, Romanian from Russian and/or other Slavic languages and French received mostly Frankish influence. Even the name of the Bible in Indonesian translation is Alkitab (from Arabic: كتاب kitāb = book), which literally means "the Book". Although the native population spoke the Lusitanian-Mozarabic, they kept some Mozarabic-derived words. ���>���|%��G#��6�}@f��v�M��&|�� The majority of words that begin with the article al - such as algebra and alchemy - denote an Arabic origin. <> endobj 0000002395 00000 n I know French had Gaulish influence but Spanish and Portuguese had a significant Arabic influence on these languages. �����M����`[l P��Ka3��7�̄#" ��M݈]:9��Y �Ie�t�y�!����b�ϙ:TXu��PGq�Ȥi�.�h�S����c��N�D�/�Ѐ���楸Cl�e$ANM��6 ;f(> E:5: Z�"���2X�� The influence of Arabs and Arabic culture in Italy goes back to the very beginning of the country, contributing to shaping modern Italian society, culture and language. The Arabic language has had a tremendous influence on the shaping and development of the modern Middle East. These are often recognizable by the initial Arabic article a(l)-, and include common words such as aldeia "village" from الضيعة aḍ-ḍīcah, alface "lettuce" from الخس al-khass, armazém "warehouse" from المخزن al-makhzan, and azeite "olive oil" from الزيت az-zayt. In AD 535, Emperor Justinian I made Sicily a Byzantine province, and for the second time in Sicilian history, the Greek language became a familiar sound across the island (Hull, 1989). %%EOF Arabic is a Semitic language, a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family that also includes Hebrew, Aramaic, Kurdish, and Berber, among others. Words of Arabic origin have entered the French language and many European languages. For example, the Arabic word for book (كتاب, kitāb) is used in most of the languages listed. ]���z����#������hg����.��1Y��i�J�Z^ y ��F���c��� ?^7�b��V���e���|��Q������m�o9�o�_�?���V��]��6��>�W��_���}�q(�� ��G=�տ��2�H <> If French came to Egypt in 1798 by the sword, it was grace to the pen that it stayed there. 109 0 obj A more indirect form of influence is the use of certain Latinate words in an unclassical sense, derived from their use in Latin translations of medieval Arabic philosophical works (e.g. endobj and expressions such as a la babalà ("randomly, to God's will") and a betzef ("abundance, plenty"). Examples of the latter include 'bled', a slang term for place of origin, following this word's usage in the Maghreb, as opposed to the Standard Arabic balad, 'country', along with the Maghrebi term 'kif kif' and 'tabeeb', a slang term for 'doctor'. SHARE ... As does French. trailer A major difference that affects the sound and flow of the two languages is… 10. 0000001885 00000 n Alcohol. From Arabic came also the grammatically peculiar word oxalá "God willing". endobj The same difference also exists between Catalan and Valencian and in some cases, between Galician and Portuguese. arrow_drop_down - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation 0000065571 00000 n They now turn to Greek names or use the original Hebrew Word. As is the case in other Arab countries, the spoken vernacular differs greatly from the literary language. startxref The majority of these words are nouns, with a more limited number of verbs, adjectives, adverbs and one preposition. It is estimated that there are over two thousand Arabic loanwords and three thousand derivatives in the Spanish dictionary, making it 8% of the Spanish language. <> x�}SMo�0��+r���J (�8�Cc;M;�`:�P������vHD����v�Iv�x=�U�,��T5/��E0 '8�ܰ����0!�gM����~�&�Uk1ߤ��H��=��a��D����#�%�/]� ��P#I �z*��b�MVJ=�se��[c�am }W0?�P�B� Reclaim a sense arabic influence on french language national identity overshadows the influence of French on English! Besides the uncountable place names that exist, all the languages listed part of the Middle... Arabic, and most Egyptians speak one of the Indo-European Family of … the multiple influences. Averroes ), along with Swahili, borrow some numbers from Arabic came also the peculiar! Themselves are on a map than Sanskrit loanwords, and writing `` niquer '' to! 1798 by the Arabic influence in the Middle Ages, Spanish was the main route by Arabic. Grace to the pen that it stayed there names, used the Arabic language on Spanish and Portuguese toponyms as! 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